Commentary 5-8

  • DRAFT DAYYYYYYYYY!!!!!!!!!!!!!! It’s the best day of the year, girl (shoutout Jeremih)
  • Last commentary of the year, had to go no reading for the last class, had to
  • Mr. Cadwell looks like he’s rocking some seafoam green pants; god move, considering I’ve made the same one
  • Mr. Hoxie wearing shorts outside of the gym????? This is new
  • Dry really switching things up outfit wise for the last class
  • I can’t even begin to contain my excitement over the NFL Draft being tonight; I missed a bioluminescent kayak paddle to watch the NFL Draft once, so no way a history paper prevents me from watching this
  • You’d think after 40 years of teaching Dry would realize that no one can read his handwriting and make some attempt to improve it, but no
  • Democracy and Higher Education in America
    • 1. General Remarks
    • 2. Tocqueville: 2.1-5,9(pg. 429-430), 10, 14-17, 20
  • Comments on Russia and Ukraine (NY Times and WSJ)
  • Times article, op-ed from German editor, Germany doesn’t agree entirely with US in terms of sanctions, NATO were the real aggressors because they took land from Russia’s sphere of influence post-SU; reference to power realities?
  • Journal article, hypothetical speech Obama should give, William Galston (moderate communitarian democrat); could reflect a Cropsey-esque take on the situation
  • He’s getting so defensive over Kennan when no one said anything bad about it, chill bruh
  • Strauss: starts with a definition of liberal education referencing the Ancient Greek understanding, a reflection of Greek philosophy; understandings of both government and education
    • Changing understanding between life of thought related to a changing in understanding of both government and education; situation with specialization of graduate schools determining the character of undergrad education
    • Conclusion: need liberal education in its original understanding, an education that prepares for a life of politics or philosophy (take a broad view)
  • Tocqueville: mind needs to be detained in theory, tension between democratic society and the proper form of a liberal education
    • Don’t settle for a life of constant acquisition
    • There is arguably a common element between Tocqueville and Strauss (kind of Brann) on an account of the relationship between theory and practice as study and action; all on the side of some dedication to study
  • You think Dry likes books?
  • Mr. Pesquiera I think gets the award for most overall sneezes in this class
  • Tocqueville: Americans aren’t comfortable in their leisure; pay attention to theory/thought
  • Brann (of the 3) is least willing to acknowledge tension between democracy and lib edu
  • Tocqueville’s intellectual movements; religion, philosophy, and science
  • Strauss treats religion separately from philosophy and science; change in understanding of pursuit of knowledge has relegated philosophy to something subordinate to science
    • Emphasizes Francis Bacon: “farthest end of knowledge is the glory of the creator and the relief of man’s estate”
    • Bacon directed study of how things are to relief of man’s estate/condition
  • Did he expect us to have read Strauss and Brann prior to this class?
  • Americans focus on problem-solving, are Cartesians, apply philosophy better than anyone else despite not knowing it very well (haven’t produced any)
  • Straus difference from Tocqueville: pages 5-6, reflection of recipients of liberal education in a Greek aristocracy; philosophy is intellectual interest or quest for truth depending on loose or strict view of philosophy; question and pursue everything until you find the utmost certainty
  • Descartes: I think, therefore I am; then goes into demonstration of such
  • All I want is a buffalo chicken calzone and the ability to watch the NFL Draft without conflict, is that really too much to ask?
  • Strauss: let’s not rock the boat because there are some individuals who are very sensitive to change; philosophy can live only side-by-side with the city, uneasy relationship between political and philosophical life; difference from Tocqueville
    • End of philosophy is now the relief of man’s estate
  • How does Tocqueville treat religion? Hasn’t changed his mind from earlier in the book; considering it from how it effect human beings in this world (not over the question of truth)
    • Talks about importance of religion; remains at the universal principle of behavior, teaching of the soul; higher purpose to life
  • Ludacris needs to drop some new music
  • Tocqueville: Athens is not a democracy because they had public slaves; democracy has character of popular form of government that looks up to principles of equality, unlimited pursuit of material benefits; religion rightly understood restricts that
    • Religion provides certainty; introduces religion for political purposes that could get in the way of a liberal education
  • Mr. Hoxie, wouldn’t have pegged him for a religious scholar; I’m impressed, considering I couldn’t give that amount of detail and I’ve taken or taught Catholic religious education since kindergarten
  • Tocqueville 404-405: sketching out what could be the basis of modern thought, places it with questioning of authority, key moment in emergence of modern world happens to involve challenge from within Christian Church (Luther)
  • There could have been no better ending to this class than by going over the time limit when he said he’d stop 10 minutes early
  • Chapter 10: liberal education as involving leisure to study the best that’s been thought and written is at odds with the hurly-burly democratic nation; hurly-burly; case for theory for the sake of practice
  • It’s 4:17 and we just hit the course evaluation; standing O

4-1 Commentary

  • Wouldn’t have pegged Mr. Hoxie to be particularly groovy but I was proven wrong last night when I saw his band; kid’s a wizard on the bass guitar
  • Forgot how good Matchbox Twenty was, Rob Thomas is a lord
  • “Man, I just love court cases involving abortion and sodomy!”-Everyone
  • Mr. Roberts claims that today we’ll have class outside; I don’t think this will happen
  • Mr. Custer isn’t in class yet; definitely enjoying a celebratory absence in honor of his hotly contested victory
  • Roe vs. Wade: “Compelling State Interest”=health of a woman, potential life
  • 1st trimester=FR over health; 2nd trimester=FR some health concerns; 3rd trimester=potential life over FR (Fundamental Right=FR; FR to terminate a pregnancy)
  • PP vs. Casey: State regulations; Essence of Roe reaffirmed; State decisions; Apply new rules
  • Lawrence vs. Texas: DP vs. EP challenge; Decisions and Dissenting Opinion
  • The notes above is a rough estimate of what I believe Dry wrote on the board, but really I couldn’t tell you a single thing about what he wrote
  • Loving Dry’s jacket/shirt/tie combo today; a bit more stylish than we would normally expect
  • Just got away with a hat for 20 minutes; Dry is slipping HARD as of late
  • If sex is a heightened interest, basically reaffirming what the Equal Rights Act already said, so you don’t need the latter in such a case
  • Due process of abortion: liberty of right to choose to have an abortion; argument is right to choose vs. right to life
  • Roe vs. Wade: 2 dissenters, White and Rehnquist, not arguing for a pro-life position; don’t accept that there is a Constitutional right of privacy autonomy to right to choose abortion
    • Fundamental Right to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, but can be overturned by a compelling state interest (health of mother and when potential life is a person)
  • In 1st trimester, safer to have the abortion
  • 2nd trimester, certain regulations because it’s a more serious procedure
  • Roe only recognized potential life at point of viability: 3rd trimester=point of viability
  • Essence of Roe is the trimester regulation scheme
  • Casey struck out the trimester framework and said the state compelling interest in life begins with the pregnancy; therefore, it allows state to regulate
    • Struck down spousal notification, can cause spousal violence/inappropriate use of information
  • Really wish this subject matter was funny so I could joke about it, but it’s abortions………
  • In place of a trimester scheme that doesn’t allow any restriction until viability; new scheme scraps trimester to see that regulation begins at pregnancy
  • Joint opinion of Casey: reaffirming essence of Roe; Rehnquist in dissent was critical on 96/102
  • If you really want to learn something, teach it; wise words from Dry; also wise, owls
  • Stare decisis=precedent; SC not bound by precedent as District Courts are; SC in 1992 acknowledge that for 19 years women have been relying on Roe and we need to be careful about how many times we change our minds
  • Murray “Money” Mayweather with a heat-seeking missile of a right hook to Mr. Stalcup: “Do you follow?” “A little bit.” “A little bit means you don’t.”
  • Casey: reject notion that trimester is essence, interest in potential life arises with pregnancy; regulations prior to viabilityàis it an undue burden to provide abortion post-viability?
  • 24 waiting period and information given upheld
  • I think I’m going to leave this class more confused about these cases than when I entered
  • WTF IS THE ESSENCE OF ROE!?!?!?!?!
  • Casey dissent from Rehnquist; court opinion is not the essence but the outer shell of Roe
  • Majority: essence of Roe is not trimester framework but it’s the right to abortion before viability
  • Dissent is not pro-life but pro-States rights
  • Should the SC overturn Casey: states have right to decide on abortion
  • White dissent in Roe (511): denigrating right to abortion; Court has just decided can have an abortion for any reason at all, where’s the dignity in that?
    • He’s correct in his opinion, but he uses such language to stick it to the majority
    • Example of putting your position favorably by putting the other side as unfavorably as possible
  • Roe 507, Blackmun: parallels Kennedy in Casey on 71; talk about different role for women than for men; frame the issue for women similarly, get the impression that the reason legislatures have restricted abortions is because they believe women’s place is in the home
    • Leave out the fact that abortion is not about role of women, but about sanctity of life
    • LEAVE OUT ADOPTION! If they don’t want the child, they can have it and put it up for adoption
  • 4:20 and we haven’t even touched on Lawrence vs. Texas

Commentary 4-29

  • Might be the fewest people in this room at 2:55 ever with the dime spot
  • Mr. Hoxie might be the only person to respond positively to a comparison to Dick Cheney
  • Just crushed some Sporcle prior to class; feeling real good right now
  • On a similar vein, Mr. Turnage is crushing some Kettle chips
  • 3:03 and Dry has yet to arrive; dude’s likely just caught up in some tunes right now, straight up jamming in Munroe to some Chicago, maybe The Eagles, on that classic rock sty
  • And he comes barreling in at 3:07 like he was Tyson Gay
  • Middle of the Hemicycle is barren today; wasteland status
  • Dry claims he’s late because he was trying to prepare notes; we all know he was on his Allman Brothers grind
  • Mr. Dulik on this Sterling case has spoken more than he has in class all year, I think
  • Dry leaving carnage all over this room with the tucked-in-tie look
  • 115: could never truly claim Africa as his home
    • 328-9: initially distinguishes between race and culture in Kenya vs. USA
    • 341-343: discussion with half-brother Mark, learning about Ruth and Mark, thinks about how things might’ve been had he been brought back to Kenya
    • 377: visiting Africa is meaningful, coming full circle on his own life
  • Auma=most like Barack; he gets the impression that he’s better off than the rest of his family, what can he do to help out? Kind of like being a community organizer
  • 344: Barack pressing Mark about why he doesn’t want to identify with Kenya?
    • Mark says that he is cut off from his roots, he’s numb to that stuff
    • 1st time Mark hesitates when confronted about acknowledging his roots
  • Still rattled by Mr. Hoxie denying my extra pen because it was black and he already had a black pen……….you asked for an extra pen!
  • Grandfather and Father are strong characters, but have severe defects
  • 429: fatal flaw of Father was not having faith in other people; silence fear caused hurt him
  • 2008 Speech: provoked by statements from Mr. Wright
    • “I can no more disown him than I can disown the black community”
    • Ties in Reverend Wright to a lot of complex issues that span all races
    • Addresses a white consciousness about reverse discrimination, a resentment comparable to black anger
    • This speech is compatible (racially) with his novel
    • Less nuance/subtlety than in book because he’s in a political realm, need to get point across; I’m not Wright, but he’s touching on what it means to be American
    • The audience needs to be taken into account; much more vast with this speech, need to get point across efficiently
  • Imagine Dry teaching this class to high-schoolers; I don’t think that a single class would be able to survive, like Dry might actually rip their heads off for not doing any work/not knowing anything
  • So we have a nifty 12 minutes to discuss the topic of today’s lecture
  • Dry laughs his ass off at random moments when discussing topics; it’s like a default setting, he laughs when there’s some important realization that someone makes
  • In Frontiero vs. Richardson, a substantive (if I were a man, I’d get these benefits) and procedural (women have to prove spousal dependency, men have to show he’s married) due process violation
  • Justification for this law was administrative convenience, assuming dependency on female spouse but not vice versa because males are typically the breadwinners
  • Reed vs. Reed set precedent of ruling against sex-based discrimination
  • Frontiero won 8-1, but no court opinion (opinion where majority of the court agrees on decision and reasoning); Powell doesn’t believe sex is inherently suspect
  • “There can be no doubt…in a cage;” “romantic paternalism” is in quotes to suggest irony and separate one’s self from that position
    • Identifies Tocqueville wit “romantic paternalism,” which is correct except Tocqueville is making a case for “equal but dissimilar”

4-24 Commentary

  • Mr. Klockenkemper may or may not be sleeping wait never mind he’s up, just tired
  • Shoutout Mr. Simonds rockin the Pele jersey
  • Lifeguarded for Dry again this morning; a regular Ryan Lochte in the water that one is
    • But fo real, kudos to him for swimming at his age, shit’s hard; shoutout swimmers
  • Odds he lets us watch National Treasure in class? 1-50?
  • Mr. Simms with an unlikely appearance, same with Mr. Liebmiller
  • Dry forgot his notes; a deafening silence strikes the masses, the troops falter and retreat, world order falls into disarray, hunger, chaos, war
  • Still craving that buffalo chicken calzone, seriously, if you’re ever in Belmont, MA hit up Belmont Pizza and grab yourself a phat calzone
  • Big ups to Rich Homie Quan, “Type of Way” is still a moneymaker
  • Storing: thesis on page 96; 117, civ dis is not rule, it’s a last resort; Malcom X “ballot/bullet” speech hit the situation right on the head
  • Could really use a fan up in here, because right now this temperature is not allmani
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965, gave blacks the right to vote with the 15th amendment; you can infer racial discrimination in a state with a literacy test and a less than 50% turnout rate
    • Put in federal registrars in the South, end of Southern politics in Jim Crow era
  • Thesis: civ dis as a doctrine falls between two stools (the fuck is a stool here?)
  • Always interesting learning peoples’ first names in this class; wouldn’t have pegged Mr. Custer as a Taylor but hey, guess I pegged him wrong
  • King: if the law is unjust and you fail in trying to change, then prepare yourself for the disciplined and loving disobedience; if it’s against God’s (“all that uplifts human personality”) law, all good
    • Integration is the model
    • Storing: too much pressure on the political process; compares civ dis and judicial review, civ dis needs to be distinguished from determining constitutionality of law; you can have nonviolent protest without civil disobedience
  • Storing 97, judicial review vs. civ dis; distinction remains between “breaking” a “law” invalid under the Constitution or breaking an unjust law
  • Positive law=we have to make it, opposite is natural law
  • Why didn’t Storing tell King that justice is defined is the lawful as law by definition is just?
  • DRY JUST USED A FIRST NAME… A FIRST NAME……….WHAT THE FUCK IS GOING ON????
  • Did I foreshadow Dry’s use of a first name? Do I have ESPN?
    • Please tell me y’all got that reference…please
  • Storing: doesn’t take position that the question of justice is not simply something we agree to; in principal, agrees with King that there is such a thing at justice, but differs on the extent and method to which it is achievable; he believes it’s through law, King through civ dis
  • King: public presentation of civ dis will transform ugliness of Southern segregationists
  • Obama: Gramps didn’t want to take Toot to work, she wants to be driven because she had a scary incident at a bus station with a black man; Gramps doesn’t want to allow racial fear to get in their way
    • Complicated relations between races
  • Civ dis didn’t empirically change the nature of Southern whites
  • Storing 100: Do you want a revolution? If not, you have to work within the framework of the law
    • Take revolution seriously; be careful about uncompromising talk; might prevent you from compromising action
  • Does Mr. Stalcup wear Vineyard Vines clothes? Couldn’t tell from the 3 stickers on his laptop
  • If you judge your success not by results but by purity of the cause, no room for compromise
  • The middle school boy in me is coming out, the drawing on the board looks like a penis, lol
  • Storing 116: if you’re against something, don’t disrupt something, work for it within the law
  • We now move on, an hour into class, to the required reading for today
  • Mr. Turnage, so cocky right now; definitely not a bashful statement regarding his reading of Dreams From my Father in 7th grade
  • Obama: doesn’t use the term African-American in the ordinary sense (blacks of African descent)
    • Too late for him to use that term; uses Black American
  • Father has a magnetic personality; mother has romanticized version of Indonesia
  • Maternal grandparents are very fond of Barack Sr., but the relationship is solid
  • 11: uses the word “miscegenation,” akin to Douglass with “abolition”
  • 82: Ray’s trump card is that he’s full black, Barack is mixed

4-22 Commentary

  • Mr. Hoxie alerted me that he does, in fact, have more than 2 outfits
  • Fun anecdote: Dry told me not to choke on my sandwich in discussion yesterday, so I got that going for me
  • Coined a new phrase: Allmani; “it’s all Gucci”–>”it’s all Armani”–>”It’s Allmani”
  • Y’all should check out Future’s new album; really the zenith of natural musical ability
  • Craving a buffalo chicken calzone right about now
  • Dry needs at least one bowtie and he needed it yesterday
  • 1) The Michigan AA Case; 2) What Country Have I? And what is to be done? Booker T vs. W.E.B., MLK vs. X; 3) Civil Disobedience, pros and cons of King/Storing
  • Mr. Hoxie is wearing a strikingly similar outfit to the one he seems to wear on most days; he’s not doing much to sway my original sentiment
  • Without affirmative action, to achieve equality, “circumstances and character” are necessary
  • Blacks: need to get rid of the vices in black communities to help achieve equality; government doesn’t have control of this
  • A bit miffed that Dry didn’t get my Stevie Wonder reference on the midterm until I explained it to him in person; damn shame
  • Yawning up a storm today
  • Ginsberg: standard should be the same in race classifications whether it hinders/benefits minorities
  • Randall Kennedy on Ginsberg/Grutter: 14th Amendment is equal protection, not racially equal
    • Color-blindness shouldn’t be an end in it of itself
    • Sensibly designed affirmative action; no support of prejudiced or stupid ones
  • Recent decision: state may through a constitutional referendum may terminate state-based rules and regulationsàyou can’t use race in public school admissions
  • Sotomayor’s dissent: true equality requires affirmative action
  • Booker T: first black American leader of both races in the US, addresses both black and white
    • Whites should think about effect of slavery on Southern whites
  • King: why in a Birmingham jail? Because there is injustice in Birmingham
  • King’s model is of assimilation; advocates nonviolence
  • X: rejects nonviolenceàciv dis, there seems a need of someone elseàyou’re counting on the good will of others to get things done; critical of King, “unmanliness” and unwillingness to compromise; ballot or the bullet
    • Distinguishes between separation and segregation
  • Washington 67, making a virtue of a historical past that’s easy to regard as shameful, something one would want to get away from; blacks have a special claim due to their past
  • Destructive to say that what whites do isn’t what blacks do (getting good grades)
  • Conservation of the Races (Du Bois): race is positive, but redefines race; American black the vanguard of a pan-black movement; something to take pride in; supposes that those people actually have a strong tie to Africa
  • Du Bois: contrasts race with nation (political or common-birth usage), race=ethnicity nowadays; it’s possible to have a strong racial/ethnic identity and still be an American citizen; Declaration and Adam Smith favor individual rights, possible to have various ethnic peoples pursue something distinctive while still being of the same country
  • Can’t give up demand for civil rights in higher education
  • I’m so lost on everything that Dry is saying
  • Civil Disobedience: try to change an unfair law via negotiation etc, if that doesn’t work, then you turn to civ dis; legitimate if law is unjust, negotiations have failed, and you oppose it lovingly and publicly and accept the punishment
  • Storing: acknowledges that King has done a lot of good things, but it criticizing him (parallels Du Bois); thesis on page 96: 117, narrow argument support that Storing would’ve accepted, in 1963 blacks were disenfranchised–>no other option; King believed interaction and demonstration clarifies things

4-17 Commentary

  • All these prospies here and I be like…y’all don’t go here
  • Seriously, though, so many people that don’t go here; Dry is going to have a field day
  • Does Mr. Hoxie have other outfits besides button-down/jeans and shorts/hoodie?
  • Mr. Turnage with what looks like a chocolate chip cookie; looks pretty good
  • Potentially ending class a bit early today? I don’t know what’s really going on
  • Oh god, exams back today; lowest grade a 70…okaaay
  • Take Home essay due the last day of class, electronically by midnight, 1000 word max
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson: established Jim Crow/segregation, 1896; overturned by Brown v. Board of Education in 1954
  • Starting off where we last left off, Special Message to Congress: told Congress why Fort Sumter was attackedàVA decided to join confederacy; always called South a rebellion, not a secession
    • None of the South’s constitutional rights have been denied (1st Inaugural)
  • Lincoln’s Union has an orientation towards slavery; only emancipated when he was sure it wouldn’t have upset his Union; and only in rebelling states
  • Passive voice in special messageàdoesn’t want to emphasize that it is he that is making decisions that constitute an expansion of Executive power
  • Dry just referenced “The Usual Suspects”àabsolute money reference; now summarizing Casablanca, then back to Usual Suspectsàall for purpose of explaining habeus corpus
  • Suspending writ of habeus corpus is in Article 1 (Legislative); Lincoln does it; asked Congress for support of raising money/volunteer armyàLocke-ian prerogative: power to do what is necessary in the absence of a specific legal authorization, even against the literal rule of law in an emergency
  • Calling it right now that I got between a 70-78 on this exam; anything above that is a miracle
  • Gettysburg Address: distillation of understanding of self-government; also making an argument against states’ rightsà4 score and 7 years ago refers to 1776, “one people”
  • Secession=sugar-coated rebellions; South claims to have legality on their side
  • AHHHHHH prospie just ANNIHLATED the Gettysburg Address: LET’S GOOOOOO
  • Arguments against secession: Const. never provides a means of terminating itself
  • Lincoln’s Final Speech: if the returned states accept the 13th Amendment, they need not do more (although he’d like them to)
  • Mr. Grant with a real gnarly cough
  • “Finish it off, Mr. Turnage” might be my new favorite line of all timeàinstant classic
  • Potential Essay: Jefferson and Lincoln’s Inaugural Addresses on religion
    • How does Obama answer the question “What Country Have I?”
  • Shoutout W.E.B. Du Bois, hailing from Great Barrington, MA; also shoutout literature courtesy of The Pounding Father
  • Douglass on Lincoln: most of audience are freed slaves; congratulates them on what they’re doingàhonoring a man who while not one of their own was a great benefactor
  • Lincoln was a white man and a white man’s presidentàbut, he committed to two ideals (preserving the Union and ending slavery)
    • Not abolishing slavery first enabled both to occur, whereas if he were to have done so first he would not have been able to accomplish the first goal
    • Douglass is appreciating that Lincoln didn’t stand on a pedestal of complete justice; more important than purity of cause is the political viewàwhat can be done that advances things in the right direction
    • Douglass, by using 1st person plural, attributes knowledge to audience
  • Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address: given in 1895, pre-Plessy (1896)
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson: LA lawàequal state rail accommodationsàseparate but equal case
    • Didn’t want forced separation; separate but equal is amusing
    • Privileges and Immunities not at play, neither is due process entirely; equal protection of the laws
  • LA law of 1890, equal but separate railroad cars, determination of race up to conductor; Plessy’s objection was that he’s 7/8 white
  • Dry backtracking on negative comments regarding himself is wonderful
  • Plessy and Brown linked by “by law” segregation by race
  • Washington says we can ascend above race, no one with a contribution will be left out
  • Pg. 60/61 in AE Address foreshadows Plessy vs. Ferguson decision; can’t expect to have commercial success unless you press civil rights
  • I’m feeling that internal movement ‘bout getting the exam back
  • Du Bois has a positive notion of race: race is more than physicalàgroups with some common identification by birth
  • Washington with King on getting beyond race, Du Bois with X in that there are good things about race
  • Core of argument against “Separate but Equal”; Constitution is “color-blind,” separate cannot be equal
  • Whose liberty is impeded by LA railroad law?: the blacks and whites who want to sit together
  • Brown: narrow holding concludes that separate cannot be equal in schools

4-15 Commentary

  • Top 2 songs of all time: Pure Imagination by Gene Wilder and Rainbow Connection by Kermit the Frog; undisputable
  • Flag for my room next year: “Don’t Tread on Me” or “Join or Die”?
  • BENEDICT HOXIE! BENEDICT HOXIE! No sympathy whatsoever for the traitor
  • Dry barreling in 8 minutes late WITH AUTHORITY
  • It’s incredible how typical it is for Dry to have a flip phone; probably still dips his pens in ink
  • L-D Debates: Preliminary Division, manifested in his Peoria speechàsignificance of Mo Compromise and KS/NE Act
    • Also DS Decision and then the actual L-D Debates
  • Lincoln: public sentiment moving in the wrong direction with passage of KS/NE Act (popular sovereignty in territories above 36 30)
  • Lincoln: one thing to accept something from necessity, another to allow a vote (implies moral right where necessity does not); Lincoln opposed to slavery but not an abolitionist (morality of law, follow all aspects of the Constitution including the institution of slavery/Fug. Slave Clause)
  • Wondered last week as to what artist/group of artists in the rap game he liked best; on a similar vein, does he even listen to music?
  • Lincoln arguing for wrongness of slavery but not for an integrated communityàpublic sentiment’s importance to poicy-making
  • Mr. Stalcup just received a piece of gum from a begrudging Mr. Sylvester; Mr. Stalcup pleased
  • Justice Taney: all men=all white men because some founders had slaves, to say they meant all men would be accusing them of hypocrisy
  • Correctly assumes that I didn’t read the Douglas debate section, trying to entice class to do so
    • Gives an overview of political party history of the day
    • Whig/Republican position on slavery? Douglas describes abolitionizing of Whig party, attributes it to Lincoln; synonymous Black Republican Party
  • Lincoln maintaining a position that steers between two extremes of slavery; Douglas wants to push Lincoln to the farthest reaches of his platform’s position; Lincoln picks his battlers, a function of understanding of relationship between democratic politician and a people
  • Douglas thinks “house divided” notion is wrong; we’ve been half pro half anti for 80 years, why can’t we continue as such?
  • Lincoln focuses on bringing back the MO Compromise; freedom is an ultimate goal, emphasizes importance of public sentimentàdon’t try to do too much
  • Jesus Christ I’m exhausted, but I can’t even imagine what he’d do if he caught me dozing off
  • Lincoln knows numbers are against colonization; Douglass, worst thing that ever happened in government was the DS decision
  • DS Decision: Court doesn’t have jurisdiction because DS is citing diversity clause and DS black and therefore not a citizen of the USàcrushing blow to African-Americans
    • DS: I was in a free state and a free territory, therefore I am free; states no longer recognizing “once free, always free”
    • If SC simply affirmed circuit courts, MO Compromise wouldn’t have been ruled unconstitutional; also reading of black political community not negated
  • Judge Taney=no jurisdiction, but continues because the lower courts made a mistake and the SC will fix them; assumed constitutionality of the MO Compromiseàvia 5th amendment (property and due process)
  • Mr. Hoxie just cited a modern SC case in response to a Dry question; Dry may as well have just written the words Hoxie just uttered an piece of paper and torn it in front of his face; brutal
  • What did Dry just tell me about my own SC? I couldn’t tell you, but I’m sure it’s nice
  • Mr. Barr is dozing HEAVY right now; blatant drifting off/efforts to combat it
  • Lincoln believes that if the SC can irrevocably decide on somethingàthe people lose right of self-government
  • Becoming easier to turn political questions into judicial questions
  • Lincoln: at a certain point, if the issue continues to be contested and the court continues to issue a ruling in the same way, you eventually have to accept it; but we’re not at that point with DS, we’re surrendering our rights of self-government
  • Douglas, in order to keep position of popular sovereignty, says something that I didn’t follow, but ultimately it’s a worse way of defending position in comparison to Lincoln
  • Mr. Turnage is gonna be like Will Hunting when he eventually becomes a lawyer; just citing circuit court cases from the colonial era to win
  • 1st inaugural address: tries in every respect to be conciliatory; wants to avoid secession and war, he’s not going to force Pro-Union people into the South
    • People only differ on one thing; wrongness or rightness of slavery
    • Argues against right of secession: perpetuity implied in law of all national governments and no proper governments had a clause for its own termination; right of revolution not in Constitution, so not positive law; secession=anarchy
    • To South: none of your positive laws have been denied, so your natural right to rebel is null
    • Executive takes care of the execution of law in all Union states;
  • Reply to Horace Greeley: main goal is to save Union, no exceptions or clauses
  • We don’t need a pro-slavery amendment because it’s his own understanding
  • Special Message to Congress: explains Fort Sumter situation, blames Pickens; tells governor of SC he’s just going to send food and the South attacks the fortàstarts civil war
    • Lincoln: could’ve asked England, don’t for a moment think that because we’re retreating and there’s no federal presence in the South that we have tacitly resigned to the secession of the South
    • This war is the test of maintenance of the Union
    • Provision for suspension of writ of habeus corpus in Article 1 Section 9, held in Congress; problem because Lincoln did it

In entire speech, no use of 1st person pronoun, all passive; why?

4-10 Commentary

  • Topic today is the main man Freddy Douglass
  • Mr. Dulik’s killin the buttown-down game
  • Ms. Wall stated that Ms. Lifhits looks “stylish;” I hope one day I can receive such a fine and impressive compliment
  • Turnage is FURIOUS over having to move seats again; as soon as he walks in gestures to his seat in disgust; Turnage? More like Jack “Furnace” because his anger buurrrnnnssss
    • Upon further reflection that Furnace joke was miserable, all apologies
  • There is chaos and panic on this side of the classroom; legit panic
  • Ms. Robart apologizing in advance for coughing; it’s all chill though
  • FD Narrative:
    • Two masters; Captain Anthony and Thomas Auld
    • 1. Birth to age 5 in Tuckahoe, MD; I-IV; 5-7 on Great Plantation
    • 2. 7 to 14 in Baltimore, MD; Hugh and Sophie; IV-VIII
    • Between 2 and 3 is an uncomfortably long pause from Dry; no one knows whether to talk or not, which always results in silence; unique phenomenon to this class
    • 3. Back in Tuckahoe with Thomas Auld; IX-X
    • 4. Back in Baltimore with Hugh and Sophie
  • Love how Mr. Custer clarified that his symposium presentation was on Alexander Hamilton, as if he was referring to any other individual surnamed Hamilton
  • Would Jefferson have reconsidered some of his remarks if he had met Douglass and read Tocqueville? How we ended the last class
  • Does Tocqueville view the black race as inferior? Dry believes not, but says man students have believed so in past years; Tocqueville conveys a mixed judgment and reveals a problematic opinion
    • Black problem: slavery is a brutal dehumanizing condition; doesn’t do what Jefferson does at allàseparate at all the natural from the acquired
    • Tocqueville 342: similar to Lincoln’s response on what to do with the blacks; problem with emancipation is that there is a concentration in the south and that there is a white aversion to racial mixing; difficulty of assimilation greater in US than elsewhere
  • Debating whether or not to show my dad these notes; will he think it’s funny vs. tell me I’m wasting his money on making sarcastic observations
  • Chapter 2, Great Farm under Col. Lloyd, Captain Anthony=overseer of overseers; gives monthly allotment of food and clothes; pride that slaves take in getting sent to Col. Lloyd’s great plantation, doesn’t even know all of his slaves
  • Captain Anthony has Richard/Andrew/Lucretia (married to Thomas Auld)
  • Douglass: never speak truth to a white man; escapes in 1838, has to worry about being brought back by slave-hunters because of Fugitive Slave Clause
  • I wonder whether Dry watches sports, and if so, both who he roots for as well as how he reacts to certain situations; I’ll peg him as a baseball guy
  • “Extraordinarily fine” might just be the best thing Dry has ever said to anyone; massive kudos to Mr. Valladeres
  • Narrative: real account of slavery in the US in a location where it wasn’t the worst
  • Origin of Douglass’ learning to readàSophia plants in him the notion of reading
    • Sophia’s change confirms that slavery is as harmful to the slaver as it is to the master, first mentioned in Jefferson’s Query XIV (although he specifically mentions children)
  • Hugh stating that teaching him to read makes him unmanageableàreinforces notion of eventually gaining freedom to Douglassàtaught himself to read and write, took fullest advantage of his opportunities
  • Douglass born mulatto out of infidelity, not close to mother or siblings (only saw the former 4 or 5 times in his life); suggests increasing numbers of mixed-race children
  • Chapter 8, returns to Baltimore, Hugh and Sophia happy to have him back
  • Chapter 9: account of different overseers, depicts a range from tolerably good to exceptionally brutal; judicial action of white crimes against slaves because slaves can’t testify and that of freed blacks wouldn’t matter in a court of law
  • Associates with Christianity with the worst form of slaveryàAppendix, condemns hypocrisy of white slave-owners in comparison to that of the country as a whole
  • Chapter 10: Longest and most significant, introduced to Mr. Covey, a religious man and notorious slave-breaker
  • Been listening to the song “Ayo Technology” by 50 Cent and Justin Timberlake as of late, good tune
  • Breaks down time with Covey into two periods; 1st 6 months (hella miserable) and 2nd 6 months
  • Covey is smart; Douglass’ life made miserable because Covey knew he was a potential troublemaker; Douglass runs to Auld and describes situation, but Auld says he won’t take him back (interesting because Hugh defends him, underlying decency with the Baltimore clan)
  • 1st Covey part=worst, forced to go back, on his way back meets Sandy Jenkins, explains situation, Sandy says to carry a certain type of branch and that’ll keep Covey away, and nothing happens initially (because it’s Sunday), Dry is loling at this, “the virtue of the root was fully tested,” knows the root is “baloney”
    • Baloney is such an old school term and it’s wonderful whenever used
  • Xmas and NYE=conceive notion of freedom by getting shmacked and then not feeling so bad about their workload later as a slave
  • Chapter 10: best master is William Freeland, made no religious pretensionsàreligion of South is a covering for the most appalling barbarityàassociates crimes of slavery with ritual of religion
  • 1st attempt at escape: by sea, needs everyone to have a pass, forges passes; then some suspicion that people were on to them; caught, throws pass in fire and gets others to eat theirs; whites see him as the ringleaderàThomas rescues him and sends him to Hugh
  • I’d like to know Dry’s take on rap music, not for any particular reason other than curiosity
    • If so, who would he like? Definitely  a YMCMB type of guy

4-8 Commentary

  • Big ups to me for making Dry laugh twice in discussion yesterday, once at the expense of Mr Hoxie (not in ill-will though, not a mean guy ya know?)

  • Disclaimer: Dry used Negro instead of Black in class because that’s what Jefferson/Tocqueville said, thus it’s used in here
  • Large-scale seat displacement going on in the door-side section; who’s the odd one out?

  • Mr. Cramer looks quite Middlebury today, as do Mr. Simonds and Mr. Russell

  • Ms. Colan very confused upon entering and seeing her seat taking, she’s definitely looking to scrap with someone…and Turnage has been blackballed, or “Evicted” as he puts it

    • “And the Lord said ‘Hell hath no fury like that of a man expunged from his seat in the Warner Hemicycle’”-Deuteronomy 1

  • Dry claims he’ll end at 415 today

  • Got away with a hat for 10 minutes, so confused as to how that happened

  • Today: Jefferson Query XIV, laws of Virginia, discussion of race (“surely provocative”), concludes with a discussion of education

    • Race=negro vs. white

    • Tocqueville on Race=3 racesàintroduction, then Indians and Negros

  • Tocqueville=equality is a condition passably enjoyed by all, no going back

  • Tocqueville predicts in 1835 that Russia and US will be the two great peoples of the world, indicates differences in action but similarity in goal #conspiracy

  • Jefferson on education: everyone has opportunity for primary school, state-funded, then “raking from the rubbish”àselect the best for high schoolàselect the best for university study to get to the “natural aristoid”

  • Wrestlemania 30 happened recently, surprised The Pounding Father didn’t take home the title belt

  • Jefferson: jury may be biased, but better than flipping a coin

  • Jefferson (and Lincoln up until 1864)=emancipate slaves and send them elsewhere in exchange for whites; black colonization

    • Why not just keep them and save the costs? Deep rooted prejudices will lead to fighting that will eventually end in the extermination of one race

    • Basically is arguing for inherent white superiorityàthe physical and the moral

  • Jefferson: wants to emancipate the slaves, however he does not view them as equals

    • Is the colonization proposal (in)consistent with the Declaration of Independence? Slaves have natural right to rebel

  • Dry laying down the hammer on the nails that were in this scenario Mr. Turnage and Mr. Roberts

  • Mr. Hawley coming in hot with the Texas joke

  • Tocqueville: Emancipationàsouth in a race war, north will say it’s not our problemàhow can we prevent that?/No problem today that rivals the slavery issue

  • Jefferson examining the negro race from an anthropological perspective, comes close to calling into question natural equality, but doesn’t quite cross that line

  • Tocqueville focuses on equality in ancient vs. modern slavery; ancient slaves were enlightened, so if emancipated, they could assimilate, but our slaves wouldn’t be able to; also, they were the same raceàmore easy to assimilate, people forget you were a slave; physical differences remain, harder to emancipate

    • In ancient slavery, the effects of slavery are more easily dealt with

  • American slaveholders prevented reading and learning

  • Jefferson is focusing more on treatment of slaves (and believes modern slaves are better off); prejudice and injury are hard to overcome

  • I wonder how many button-downs Mr. Hoxie owns? Odds set at 5-1 on at least 12

  • Inadequacy in Jeffersonian argument: basically states that the two races are distinct, and one is better than the otheràif your exposure with slaves is that of slaves who know nothing else, you’re going to receive a limited view of blacksàtries to separate circumstance from nature

  • Tocqueville: inequality of 3 races is fundamental to America but not democracy; things don’t look good for Indians and blacks

  • Tocqueville missed the notion that there was an individual capable of bridging the gap

  • Jefferson’s infatuation with the sciences leads him to speak more confidently about causal relationsàdoesn’t give sufficient thought to the condition of slaves

  • Love the hurriedness of Dry when he realizes he’s spent too much time on something

  • Jefferson: initially believes that Indian way of life is best (no settling down with civilizationàlater sees them as barbaric)

  • Tocqueville: first an overall comparison of the three races, illustrates a story

    • “The negro is placed at the ultimate bounds of servitude; the Indian at the extreme limits of freedom. Slavery scarcely produces more fatal effects in the first than does independence in the second” (305)

  • Indians are a proud and independent race, but the whites corrupt them and ultimately become superior, in a tragic opinion; this is their homeàour founding started with an injustice

  • Right of occupant vs. right of self-preservation

  • Parallel between tragic conflict of Indians and Americans and when the Southern states see that there is popular support for opposition to slavery and we better separate if our way of life is so connected to our own life

  • Whites are tyrannical towards Indians and Negros; Indians have admirable traits but are vulnerable to a civilized/settled people

  • Stunned he needs five more minutes at 4:17, color me shocked, so unusual of him

  • Harder to get read of slavery in the South because of numbers; Liberia? Won’t work because amount of people transported not anywhere close to number of blacks born

  • Indians=aversion to manual labor and racial mixing; Tocqueville notices that even in the North there was distinct segregation

  • Closing point: Suppose that Jefferson were to reconsider his position in light of a study of Tocqueville and his experiencing getting to know Freddy Douglass, would he have reconsidered? He likes to think he would, but who knows.

4/1 Commentary

  • Didn’t do the reading for today, we’ll see where that gets me

  • This might be the most ill-prepared for an exam I’ve ever been; I should be more worried

  • Mr. Snyder kicked my backpack walking through the aisle; wow, WOW, wow.

  • Dry wearing what looks like a purple gingham shirt, potentially but unlikely Vineyard Vines

  • Not a Vineyard Vines shirt, probably should’ve seen that one coming

  • Separation of powers, executive, checks and balances; focus on these

  • Shoutout Ms. Bogan for her list of questions to ask herself; also shoutout Clif Bars and Starbucks Iced Coffee

  • 1st Amendment Freedoms and Majority Rule in America: Jefferson and Tocqueville

  • Jefferson

    • Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom

    • NV

    • Letter to Adams, Law,

  • Dry casually asserting dominance over the class, yet again, moving the review sesh back to 545

  • Need 2 pens because it’s harder to read pencil than pen; exam=“reasonable reflection of what we’ve covered so far,” up to us to figure out how to prepare, straightforward, swerve

  • Mr. Barr slaughtering the button-down-with-athletic shorts-midcalves-and-Nikes look

  • Freedom of speech=freedom to utter and freedom to not have coerced speech; no need to say pledge of allegiance or give religious reason as to why not

  • Jefferson to Adams: some stuff about education

  • Tocqueville: democracy, advantages of it, omnipotence of majority, what tempers it (lawyers and juries), causes maintaining it (conditions, laws, morays [religion])

  • “God forbid I take anything out of the course”-Murray Dry; how do I respond to this? Should I be mad or just impressed with how damn principled he is?

  • Possible essay question: Discuss the similarities and differences between Jefferson and Tocqueville on religion

    • Both individuals grappled with the notion of faith/religion

    • Both mention a separation of church and state, fundamental similarity, consistent with 1st Constitution

    • Jefferson: separation of church and stateàmore free inquiry, rationality and reason will take over because of no overbearing rule regarding religious choice and preference

    • Tocqueville: religion has its own sphere in America because the government cannot intervene in religion, has its own power and influence staying out of politics

    • By staying out of government, religion has more influence; Tocqueville believes it’s a good thing, helps regulate the morays of the people; but a critical judgment of Puritan criminal laws, “barbaric”

    • Jefferson: letter to Weightman, right of man and science juxtaposed with “monkish ignorance and superstition”

    • Tocqueville: religion as a political institution and helps maintain the American Democratic Republic/ 284

    • Jefferson and Tocqueville believe religion is beneficial for different reasons: they differ on its usefulness for the development of proper morays (Jefferson thinks not, Tocqueville thinks so)

    • Tocqueville, 284: Christianity, from a human perspective, is necessary

  • Original Constitution had somewhat of a prohibition on establishing a national religion

  • Winthrop: government based on covenant; “fellow members of Christ”

  • Goddamn, Mr. Pesquiera’s voice, so smoove

  • Mr. Russell just absolutely cuckolded by Dry, “a daring statement,” CUCK-OLDED

    • I understand my incorrect use of cuckolded, it’s a cool word, sue me

  • Temporary American Catholicism, does it follow Tocqueville’s description of what Catholic leaders were doing in the 1800s? Answer might be no (think of Affordable Care Act, contraception in insurance)

  • Adams and Jefferson died on the 50th anniversary of Declaration of Independence: #illuminati

  • Oh my god The Hemicycle Massacre of April 1st 2014, casualties include Mr. Pesquiera, Dry just forced him into changing the nature of his question entirely and then answered his own altered question; he’s got the force of personality of Allen Iverson in his prime, can will anyone to do anything

  • Jefferson: civil rights have no dependence on religious opinions. Doesn’t think it’s useful: 252/3

    • Government is not one of (religious) opinions of man

  • Letter to Adams: seems to regret that you cannot mate humans the way you can animals because you can’t get the best, but the rights of man won’t let him do that

  • Cool Hand Lifhits with the page reference right off the bat of Dry’s pitch

  • Jefferson 215: Slavery makes master not industrious and the children are educated in tyranny

  • Also on 215: no way God can support our nation as slaveholders/liberty may be a gift of God and we creatures of God, but God is disappointed with his creatures (slaveholding) and his wrath will be set down upon him, divine providential punishment

    • Uses a religious argument as evidence for a political point

  • Tocqueville favors a government that favors many over a few, good to have people participate

    • Lawyers=source of order/Juries=people are participants in government, both civil and criminal cases

  • Mr. Khodaverdy with an enlightening take on Jefferson, “down with the religious stuff”

  • Tocqueville: is what he said then true now? Majority tyranny is a serious problem, rich need to somehow fawn over the poor/times have changed, rich could use more restraint

    • Tyranny of opinion, is there true freedom of thought today?